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Leon van Biljon, a beloved lion keeper at the Mahala View Lion Lodge in South Africa, was reportedly fatally mauled by one of his lions on pausinivs.gq The Upside Africa's most turbulent country - and the women trying to fix it. By creating vibrant economic networks, women in the Central African Republic are coming to terms with the violence they. The Washington Post provides the latest information and analysis of breaking Africa news stories. Includes news coverage on South Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Rwanda, Kenya, Morocco, Zimbabwe.


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It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, [5] divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languagesnine of which have official status. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultureslanguagesand religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution 's recognition of 11 official articles on africa, which is the fourth-highest number in the world.

However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until During the 20th century, the black majority sought to claim more rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics. The National Party imposed apartheid ininstitutionalising previous racial segregation. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the Articles on africa National Congress ANC and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in the mids.

Sinceall ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracywhich comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. South Africa is often referred to as the " rainbow nation " to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially in the wake of apartheid.

In terms of purchasing power paritySouth Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa. The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutchreflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies. Sincethe country has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages.

Mzansiderived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa, articles on africa, [21] [22] while some Pan-Africanist political parties prefer the term " Azania ".

South Africa contains some of the oldest archaeological and human-fossil sites in the world. The sites include Sterkfonteinone of the richest sites for hominin fossils in the world.

Raymond Dart identified the first hominin fossil discovered in Africa, the Taung Child found near Taung in These finds suggest that various hominid species existed in South Africa from about three million years ago, starting with Australopithecus africanus. Modern humans have inhabited Southern Africa for at leastyears.

Various researchers have located pebble tools within the Vaal River valley. Settlements of Bantu-speaking peoplesarticles on africa, who were iron-using agriculturists and herdsmenwere already present south of the Limpopo River now the northern border with Botswana and Zimbabwe by the 4th or 5th century CE see Bantu expansion.

They displaced, conquered and absorbed the original Khoisan speakers, the Khoikhoi and San peoples. The Bantu slowly moved south. The earliest ironworks in modern-day KwaZulu-Natal Province are believed articles on africa date from around The southernmost group was the Xhosa peoplewhose language incorporates certain linguistic traits from the earlier Khoisan people.

As they migrated, articles on africa, these larger Iron Articles on africa populations displaced or assimilated earlier peoples. In Mpumalanga Provinceseveral stone circles have been found along with the stone arrangement that has been named Adam's Calendar. At the time of European contact, the dominant ethnic group were Bantu-speaking peoples who had migrated from other parts of Africa about one thousand years before.

The two major historic groups were the Xhosa and Zulu peoples. Inthe Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias led the first European voyage to land in southern Africa. Dias continued down the western coast of southern Africa, articles on africa. After 8 Januaryprevented by storms from proceeding along the coast, he sailed out of sight of land and passed the southernmost point of Africa without seeing it.

He reached as far up the eastern coast of Africa as, articles on africa, what he called, Rio do Infanteprobably the present-day Groot Riverin Maybut on his return he saw the Cape, which he first named Cabo das Tormentas Cape of Storms. By the early 17th century, Portugal's maritime power was starting to decline, and English and Dutch merchants competed to oust Lisbon from its lucrative monopoly on the spice trade.

Helena as alternative ports of refuge. The sailors were able to survive by obtaining fresh water and meat from the natives. Ina century and a half after the discovery of the Cape sea route, Jan van Riebeeck established a victualling station at the Cape of Good Hopeat what would become Cape Townon behalf of the Dutch East India Company.

The eastward expansion of Dutch colonists ushered in a series of wars with the southwesterly migrating Xhosa tribe, known as the Xhosa Warsas both sides competed for the pastureland necessary to graze their cattle near the Great Fish River.

Great Britain occupied Cape Town between and to prevent it from falling under the control of the French First Republicwhich had invaded the Low Countries, articles on africa. In the first two decades of the 19th century, the Zulu people grew in power and expanded their territory under their leader, Shaka.

During the early s, many Dutch settlers departed from the Cape Colonywhere they had been subjected to British control. The discovery of articles on africa in and gold in in the interior started the Mineral Revolution and increased economic growth and immigration. This intensified British efforts to gain control over the indigenous peoples.

The struggle to control these important economic resources was a factor in relations between Europeans and the indigenous population and also between the Boers and the British.

Following Articles on africa Carnarvon 's successful introduction of federation in Canadait was thought that similar political effort, coupled with military campaigns, might succeed with the African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa.

Among the obstacles were the presence of articles on africa independent states of the Boers and the Kingdom of Zululand and its army. The Zulu nation defeated the British at the Battle of Isandlwana. Eventually, though, the war was lost, resulting in the termination of the Zulu nation's independence.

The Boer Republics successfully resisted British encroachments during the First Boer War — using guerrilla warfare tactics, which were well suited to local conditions. The British returned with greater numbers, more experience, and new strategy in the Second Boer War — but suffered heavy casualties through attrition ; nonetheless, they were ultimately successful, articles on africa.

Within the country, anti-British policies among white South Africans focused on independence. During the Dutch articles on africa British colonial years, racial segregation was mostly informal, though some legislation was enacted to control the settlement and movement of native people, including the Native Location Act of and the system of pass laws, articles on africa.

Eight years after the end of the Second Boer War and after four years of negotiation, an act of the British Parliament South Africa Act granted nominal independence, while creating the Union of South Africa on 31 May The Union was a dominion that included the former territories of the CapeTransvaal and Natal colonies, as well as the Orange Free State republic.

The Natives' Land Act of severely restricted the ownership of land by blacks; at that stage natives controlled only seven percent of the country. The amount of land reserved for indigenous peoples was later marginally increased. Inthe union was fully sovereign from the United Kingdom with the passage of the Statute of Westminsterwhich abolished the last powers of the British Government on the country.

Inthe National Party was elected to power. It strengthened the racial segregation begun under Dutch and British colonial rule. Taking Canada 's Indian Act as a framework, [53] the nationalist government classified all peoples into three articles on africa and developed rights and limitations for each. The legally institutionalised segregation became known as apartheid.

While whites enjoyed the highest standard of living in all of Africa, comparable to First World Western nations, the black majority remained disadvantaged by almost every standard, including income, education, articles on africa, housing, and life expectancy. The Freedom Charteradopted in by the Congress Alliancedemanded a non-racial society and articles on africa end to discrimination. On 31 Maythe country became a republic following a referendum in which white voters narrowly voted in favour thereof the British-dominated Natal province rallied against the issue.

As a concession to the Westminster systemthe presidency remained parliamentary-appointed and virtually powerless until P. Botha 's Constitution Act ofwhich eliminated the office of Prime Minister and instated a near-unique "strong presidency" responsible to parliament.

Pressured by other Commonwealth of Nations countries, South Africa withdrew from the organisation in and rejoined it only in Despite opposition both within and outside the country, the government legislated for a continuation of apartheid.

These measures were later extended articles on africa international sanctions and the divestment of holdings by foreign investors. In the late s, South Africa initiated a programme of nuclear weapons development. In the following decade, it produced six deliverable nuclear weapons. The Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, signed by Mangosuthu Buthelezi and Harry Schwarz inenshrined the principles of peaceful transition of power and equality for all, the first of such agreements by black and white political leaders in South Africa.

Ultimately, FW de Klerk opened bilateral discussions with Nelson Mandela in for a transition of policies and government. Inthe National Party government took the first step towards dismantling discrimination when articles on africa lifted the ban on the ANC and other political organisations. It released Nelson Mandela from prison after 27 years' serving a sentence for sabotage. A negotiation process followed. With approval from the white electorate in a referendumthe government continued negotiations to end apartheid.

South Africa held its first universal elections inwhich the ANC won by an overwhelming majority, articles on africa. It has been in power ever since. In post-apartheid South Africaunemployment has been extremely high as the country has struggled with many changes. While many blacks have risen to middle or upper classes, the overall unemployment rate of black people worsened between and by official metrics, but declined significantly using expanded definitions.

In Mayriots left over 60 people dead. It is about the same size as Colombiatwice the size of Articles on africathree times as big as Japanfour times the size of Italy and five times the size of the United Kingdom. To the north, the Great Karoo fades into the even drier and more arid Bushmanland, articles on africa, which eventually becomes the Kalahari desert in the very north-west of the country.

The mid-eastern, and highest part of the plateau is known as the Highveld. This relatively well-watered area is home to a great proportion of articles on africa country's commercial farmlands and contains its largest conurbation Gauteng. The coastal belt, below the Great Escarpment, moving clockwise from the northeast, consists of the Limpopo Lowveld, which merges into the Mpumalanga Lowveld, below the Mpumalanga Drakensberg the eastern portion of the Great Escarpment, articles on africa.

The coastal belt below the south and south-western stretches of the Great Escarpment contains several ranges of Cape Fold Mountains which run parallel to the coast, separating the Great Escarpment from the ocean.

Note the course of the Great Articles on africa to the north of these mountain ranges. The Little Karoo is historically, and still, famous for its ostrich farming around the town of Oudtshoorn.

The narrow coastal strip between the most seaward Cape Fold Mountain range i. It is famous for the most extensive areas of indigenous forests in South Africa a generally forest-poor country. In the articles on africa corner of the articles on africa, the Cape Peninsula forms the southernmost tip of the coastal strip which borders the Atlantic Ocean and ultimately terminates at the country's border with Namibia at the Orange River.

The Cape Peninsula has a Mediterranean climatemaking it and its immediate surrounds the only portion of Africa south of the Sahara which receives most of its rainfall in winter. It is the country's legislative capital. The coastal belt to the north of the Cape Peninsula is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and the first row of north-south running Cape Fold Mountains to the east. The most southerly portion of this coastal belt is known as the Swartland and Malmesbury Plain, which is an important wheat growing region, relying on winter rains.

The region further north is known as Namaqualand[88] which becomes more and more arid as one approaches the Orange River.

 

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The Washington Post provides the latest information and analysis of breaking Africa news stories. Includes news coverage on South Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Rwanda, Kenya, Morocco, Zimbabwe. South Africa is a nation of about 55 million () people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions. The last census was held in , with a more recent intercensal national survey conducted in South Africa is home to an estimated five million Calling code: + View the latest Africa news and videos from Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Libya, Liberia and other African countries on pausinivs.gq